Hepatitis and the health care
Despite the outbreak of the Covid-19 famine in the news in the world, hepatitis C continues to claim lives daily.
What is this Hepatitis?
Hepatitis affects a person and can self-heal without treatment, or it may develop into fibrosis, wax or cancer. Among the most common causes of infection are viruses of five strains: A-B-C-D-E.
Combined Hepatitis C and B are the most common causes of death, and infection can be the result of consuming substances such as alcohol, certain medications, or by autoimmune diseases.
What are the main statistics about Hepatitis?
- 1.4 million deaths annually.
- 325 million people with viral hepatitis C and B.
- 10% of people living with hepatitis B.
- 19% of people living with hepatitis C.
- 42% of the world’s children get hepatitis B vaccine at birth.
How are liver viruses transmitted to humans?
The modes of transmission differ from one strain to another:
- Hepatitis virus A and B is transmitted through stool, water consumption, or contaminated food. It can also be transmitted as a result of some sexual practices
- Hepatitis C and B viruses through exposure to or transfusion of blood, in addition to transmission from infected mothers to infants during birth.
- Infection with the hepatitis D virus occurs only among those infected with it, and double infection with viruses may be explained when a worse disease occurs.
Symptoms of hepatitis:
- Fatigue and severe and persistent lethargy.
- Flatulence and weight loss.
- Itching and pain in the limbs.
- Nausea, vomiting, yellowing of the skin and eyes.
- Light stool color and dark urine.
What are the ways to prevent infection?
- Hand washing and food.
- Stop smoking and drinking alcohol.
- Not eating raw fruits, immature meat and raw milky products.
- Avoid illegal sexual relations and conduct pre-marital medical examinations.