Orthodontics: Most people know that they visit general dentists often for cleaning or to help with complications such as tooth cavities and gum disease.
However, dentistry is a broad field, and patients with some irregularities may need to follow up with an orthodontist. Orthodontists can help individuals who have problems with aligning their bite and those who need orthodontic procedures that go beyond simpler solutions such as Invisalign.
What are the irregularities that may be treated by orthodontics?
Malocclusion (bad bites) is one of many dental problems that orthodontics can fix. These include the following issues:
- Underbite: the lower jaw extends over the upper jaw.
- Overbite: The upper jaw extends a lot over the lower jaw.
- Protrusion of the upper front teeth: Either the upper teeth extend too far or the lower teeth do not extend far enough.
- Crowding: the teeth do not have enough space to burst.
- Spacing: There is too much space between the teeth (or the teeth are completely missing).
- Open bite: There is no overlap between the upper and lower front teeth.
- Dental midline mismatch: posterior teeth not aligned correctly.
- Spacing and crowding are the two most common reasons people visit an orthodontist.
A general dentist usually notices alignment issues during a regular checkup. If the malocclusion is critical enough, it may warrant a visit to an orthodontist for professional evaluation and / or treatment that the dentist cannot provide.
Why should you see a specialist in orthodontics?
A person who is facing diffuclties in chewing, has problems with interdental contact (blockage), or wants treatment to straighten their teeth, may need the help of an orthodontist. While common dentists will notice these problems in their patients, their ability to deal with some of the problems is limited. However, well-known dentists do offer some orthodontic work, which includes Invisalign.
Invisalign is a powerful treatment for humans and a good opportunity to straighten teeth. It is an option, though, for common problems (such as overbite / lower bite and cleft teeth) or for cosmetic purposes that are not severe. Age is also a factor in which treatment alternatives to take, as the enamel of younger patients is still in a state of transformation and they may need more advanced procedure to make sure the long period is corrected. For these reasons, dentists will refer patients to orthodontists for superior quality offers.
Types of orthodontic procedures
Most people know that orthodontists can adjust and modify orthodontics, but there are many other services that these individuals provide to correct dental and jaw problems. Additionally, there are multiple types of braces.
Here are some dental tools and services that only orthodontists can provide:
- Traditional braces: The metal braces placed on each tooth are attached to a wire and elastic to move the teeth into the correct position.
- Traditional braces:steel braces located on each tooth which might be connected with the aid of twine and elastic to move the teeth into the precise role
- Damon Braces: These brackets use a self-adjusting sliding mechanism rather than the elastic for connecting wires between the braces.
- Palatal dilators: Although removable aligners combined with Invisalign can aid overcrowding, people with excessive alignment issues may need a palatal dilator to gradually move the enamel. Dental extraction is a must in other choices, but palate expanders are the preferred option nowadays. Once the jaws are realigned using this approach, a person can then wear the braces or pursue various treatment modalities to solve subtle final issues with enamel and jaw alignment.
- Forsus devices: these are springs attached to support against the cheeks of patients to help position the jaw in the correct role and for this reason it corrects problems along with an increase in excessive bites and lower bites.
- In a few cases, the orthodontist will begin by aligning the jaws in position over a course of several months and then installing the braces later to transfer the enamel to the area. For example, an affected person will not be able to wear braces due to a crowding problem. This type of cases may only wear braces after treatment with palate expanders. Moreover, removable aligners are often required after orthodontics to ensure that the teeth are aligned properly.
When should you ask about orthodontic work?
According to the Association of Orthodontists, a child should have an examination with an orthodontist before the age of seven. This can ensure that any alignment issues are detected as quickly as possible. Moreover, there are few dental problems as a result of behavior including thumb sucking. Early treatment can prevent these and other behaviors from negative tooth. The orthodontist will also be able to direct the growth of the jaw and the width of the child to improve the appearance and structure of the tooth.
See a general dentist if you need simple services, a referral to a consultant, or simply have some additional questions about orthodontic work and how it might benefit you. Use the Find Your Dentist page to search for certified dentists and orthodontists in your place if you need help getting started. When you have any children, remember to ask your family dentist whether you should take them to see an orthodontist before they turn 7 years old.