Periodontitis is a serious gum infection. It’s as a result of bacteria that have been allowed to build up on your teeth and gums. As periodontitis progresses, your bones and tooth can be broken. However, if periodontitis is dealt with early and right oral hygiene is maintained, the damage can be stopped.

Stages of periodontitis

Periodontitis begins with an inflammation of the gums known as gingivitis.

Inflammation (gingivitis)
Periodontitis begins with inflammation within the gums called periodontal disease.



one of the first symptoms of gingivitis is that your gums will bleed when you brush or floss your tooth.
Also, you may notice some discoloration on your tooth. That is known as plaque. Plaque is a buildup of micro organism and food debris for your tooth. even though micro organism are constantly present in your mouth, they simplest emerge as harmful whilst situations allow them to boom dramatically. this could happen if you don’t brush or floss, or get dental cleanings on a normal foundation.

Early periodontal disease

Within the early stages of periodontitis, your gums recede, or turn away, from your teeth and small pockets form among gums and enamel. The wallet harbor dangerous microorganism. Your tooth will start to lose bone guide and become unfastened.

You’ll probably have a bleeding during brushing and flossing as well, and possibly some bone loss.
Slight periodontal disorder If left to progress to moderate periodontal disease, you would possibly enjoy bleeding and ache across the enamel and gum recession. Your enamel will start to lose bone aid and become unfastened. The contamination can also cause an inflammatory reaction throughout your body.

Advanced periodontal disease

In advanced disease, the connective tissue that holds your teeth in place starts to go to pot.
The gums, bones, and different tissue that help your tooth are destroyed.
if you have advanced periodontitis, you would in all likelihood enjoy excessive ache while chewing, severe lousy breath, and a nasty taste to your mouth.
You’ll probably lose your teeth.

Symptoms of periodontitis

The symptoms rely upon the degree of disease, but normally consist of

  • Gums that bleed when you sweep your enamel or floss
  • Bad breath
  • Changes within the function of your tooth or free teeth
  • Receding gums
  • Red, tender, or swollen gums
  • Buildup of plaque or tartar for your teeth
  • Ache when chewing
  • Teeth loss
  • Foul taste in your mouth
  • İnflammatory reaction throughout your frame signs and symptoms inside the early levels of periodontitis are often now not very substantive. Your dentist will probably be the primary to factor them out.

What causes periodontitis?

Healthy human beings typically have hundreds of various kinds of micro organism in their mouth. Most of them are absolutely innocent. when you don’t easy your enamel nicely each day, the micro organism grow and build up for your tooth.

Periodontitis is typically as a result of poor dental hygiene. When you don’t brush your tooth and smooth in difficult-to-attain locations on your mouth, the subsequent occurs:

  1. The bacteria to your mouth multiply and form a substance referred to as dental plaque.
  2. if you don’t dispose of the plaque by means of brushing, the microorganism deposit minerals inside the plaque over the years.
  3. This mineral deposit is called tartar, a good way to encourage extra bacterial increase toward the foundation of the teeth.
  4. Your frame’s immune response to this bacterial growth leads to inflammation in your gums.
  5. The attachment of the gum to the root of a tooth is disrupted through the years, and a periodontal pocket (gap) can also shape between the gum and root.
  6. Harmful anaerobic microorganism colonize inside the pocket and multiply, freeing pollutants which can harm the gums, tooth, and assisting bone structu

How is periodontitis diagnosed?

Your dentist will be able to spot signs of periodontitis at an early stage during a routine dental examination.

One of the reasons that require a regular visit to the doctor is to make sure of the condition of the gums and teeth and that they are in good health and that things do not get worse in them

A dentist can detect signs and symptoms of periodontitis early during a dental exam. He or she can check the gums over the years to ensure that it is not getting worse.

Complications of periodontitis

The supporting structures of your teeth, which includes the bones of your jaw, can be destroyed, if it is not treated for periodontitis. Your tooth loosen and might fall out or require extraction. Different complications of periodontitis include:

  • Painful abscesses.
  • Migration of your teeth, which can also intervene with eating.
  • The gum area retracts and the roots of the teeth are exposed.

  • İncreased chance of headaches throughout pregnancy, which includes low weight and preeclampsia.

Periodontitis treatment

Treatment is aimed toward casting off plaque and bacterial deposits to your tooth and gums. Oral hygiene practices Your dental care group will provide you with commands on how to reduce the number of micro organism to your mouth, which involves retaining your enamel and gums smooth. Your dentist will provide you with advice on how to use teeth brushes and dental floss nicely, and might endorse other oral hygiene merchandise like a water select or mouthwash.

Here are some guidelines to preserve your teeth healthier:

  • Brush teeth twice a day with toothpaste that contains fluoride.

  • Electric toothbrush can be more effective.
  • Floss at least once a day to take away plaque.
  • Visit the dentist twice a year at least.

  • Don’t smoke or chew tobacco.

Professional cleanings

At ClinMedica’s contracted hospitals your dentist will remove off plaque buildup and tartar from your teeth and their roots, and then polish your teeth and treat them with fluoride. Any periodontal pockets that have formed should require deep cleaning to allow recuperation. A deep-cleaning method known as scaling and root planing will assist scrape off tartar and also get rid of any difficult spots on the teeth root where microorganism have a tendency to gather.

Follow-up appointments
Your dentist will follow up with you after a few weeks. Other treatment options like surgery may be recommended If periodontal pockets are present.

If inflammation persists in sites which are inaccessible to brush and floss, we can also endorse a surgical treatment called flap surgical procedure to easy deposits under your gums. During anesthesia, your gums are lifted away and the roots of your teeth cleaned. Your gums are then stitched back.
If you’ve lost any bones, a procedure known as bone grafting could be applied at the same time as flap surgical treatment to regenerate the lost bone.

The outlook for periodontitis
Periodontitis can be stopped if stuck and handled early sufficient. treatment is generally very a hit.
When you have periodontitis, ordinary comply with a dentist are crucial to make certain that the ailment doesn’t continue. You’ll ought to change your dental hygiene behavior and cooperate completely together with your dentist’s commands for a positive final results. The long-time period outlook relies upon in your own efforts with oral hygiene and the continued assessment of your dentist.
further to periodontitis progressing tons faster in people who smoke, these people regularly have a negative outlook with periodontitis. The tremendous majority of cases that don’t respond to remedy contain people who smoke.