IVF/ In Vitro Fertilisation is a process by which an egg is fertilised by sperm outside the body, in vitro. Evolved as a major treatment protocol or infertility. In IVF, is the most common and effective type of assisted reproductive technology to help women become pregnant.
It involves fertilizing an egg outside the body, in a laboratory dish, and then implanting it in a woman’s uterus.
A colloquial term for babies conceived as the result of IVF is ¬Test tube babies.
In a normal pregnancy, a male sperm penetrates a woman’s egg and fertilizes it inside her body after ovulation, when a mature egg has been released from the ovaries.
The fertilized egg then attaches itself to the wall of the uterus, or womb, and begins developing into a baby. This is known as natural conception.
However, if natural or unassisted conception is not possible, fertility treatment is an option.